Did the patient transporter’s testimony negate the need for expert testimony regarding standards for patient transporter when the patient was receiving humidified oxygen via an oxygen mask?

Please write the discussion for #2 and write 2 short answers for #1 and 3 with references.

the heading: Discussion # 3

Use references from scholarly literature to support all postings. APA format required.

You Be the Judge

Mrs. M. was admitted to an acute care facility for removal of a noncancerous brain lesion. Following her surgical procedure, she had problems swallowing, but no difficulty with respirations and breathing. On x-ray, her lungs showed no signs of congestion or infiltration. She was receiving humidified oxygen via an oxygen mask.

During transport from her hospital room to x-ray for a repeat chest film, the humidifier attached to her oxygen line was allowed to lay on its side, allowing water to accumulate and enter the patient’s lungs. The sole person who transported Mrs. M. to the x-ray department was an untrained patient transporter. The patient subsequently experienced aspiration pneumonia and was readmitted to the intensive care unit.

Following her recovery, the patient brought suit for the mishandling of the oxygen humidifier, subsequent aspiration pneumonia, and additional recovery time. At the trial, the patient transporter admitted that he had received no training regarding the transportation of patient receiving humidified oxygen and was not aware that there were any special precautions needed for transporting a patient who was receiving humidified oxygen. The plaintiff’s attorney presented no expert witness testimony regarding professional standards for patient transporter. The court ruled in favor of the medical center, noting that expert testimony was required. The patient appealed. (Guido, p. 71)

Questions:

1. Was an expert witness needed for the jury to understand the issues being tried?

2. Did the patient transporter’s testimony negate the need for expert testimony regarding standards for patient transporter when the patient was receiving humidified oxygen via an oxygen mask?

3. If it was determined that expert testimony was needed, what type of qualifications would you have chosen for the expert in this case?

4. How would you decide the appeal?

Provide an annotation for each entry which includes the following: Under each entry you will include an annotation of the source

Topic: How close are we to a cure for cancer?
Order Description
For each annotation include 1) a summary of the main points in your own words 2) evaluation of the source?s credibility and 3) how this source is
relevant to your topic.
Include the following in your annotated bibliography:
? State your thesis and research question. This may seem like a difficult task. First you will want to develop a research topic. Click here to review a tutorial
on how to develop a research topic. Once you have a topic you will want to form this into a thesis statement. A thesis statement needs to make an
arguable claim about your chosen topic. Once you have your thesis it will be
easy to form it into a research question. Make sure to include both at the beginning of your annotated bibliography.
? Include a citation entry (APA) for each of your sources.
? Provide an annotation for each entry which includes the following: Under each entry you will include an annotation of the source. As described above
the annotation is much more than a summary of the source. Each annotation should be around 150 words.
1. Summarize the main point(s). You will first want to summarize the main point(s) of each source in your own words. Make sure to focus on what
each source says about your research question or thesis.
2. Why is this a credible source? Once you have summarized the main point(s) you will want to discuss why the source is credible. Talk about the
author?s credentials/background in the field where you found the source (was it from a long-standing journal a textbook etc.) and any other
information that proves that this source is credible.
Relevance: Finally you want to close each annotation by discussing how the article is relevant to the research paper. Make sure that you directly
relate the information in each resource back to your thesis statement. What are you hoping to prove by utilizing this resource?

Critically review the literature on nursing theories.

Will like current reference and also my require texts should be used as part of my reference. The focus should be on paediatric patient / nursing.
Hockenberry M. J. & Wilson D. (2013.Wongs essentials of pediatric nursing. 9th Ed. St. Louis: Mosby
Chiocca E.M.(2011). Advanced pediatric assessment. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Pillitteri A. (2013). Child and family health nursing in Australia and New Zealand. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Assessment 2
Word limit: 2000 words
The purpose of this assignment is to introduce you to the concept of utilising nursing theories when assessing planning implementing and evaluating care of a child and his/her family.
For this assignment you are required to review the literature on a range of nursing theories. Read Broom (2007) in course reserves to gain insight into how nursing theories can be applied to clinical practice.
An example of an early theory utilised to conceptualize nursing assessment and management was Orlandos Nursing Process first published in 1961. From this time there have been many theories developed through to the present day with Levitt Jones (2009) Clinical Reasoning Cycle.
You are required to:
1. Critically review the literature on nursing theories.
2. Select one you consider useful to your nursing assessment and practice in paediatrics
3. Discuss how your chosen theory can provide a foundation for your clinical judgement.
4. Provide a comprehensive example of how this theory could inform your assessment of a paediatric patient and their family.
5. Use the literature to support your discussion.
Marking Criteria
Clear concise and thorough review of key nursing theories. Superior discussion of the nursing theories and their relevance to nursing assessment planning care and interventions.
Clear concise and thorough description of an appropriate nursing theory
Clear concise and thorough discussion on how your chosen theory can provide a foundation for your clinical judgement
Excellent example of how your chosen theory could inform your assessment of a paediatric patient and their family
Excellent use of the literature to support your discussion

Explain three major ways in which medicalization has been able to flourish in modern society.

A major component of the sociological discussion of health and illness concerns an analysis of how problems that were previously not considered medical in nature are now a part of the province of medicine. This process, known as medicalization, describes how remedial efforts in the nonmedical realm to solve certain social problems are now given over to modern medicine as a topic of discussion and treatment. The purpose of this assignment is to define medicalization and offer an important commentary about the spread of this social trend in society today.InstructionsConstruct a 4-6 page paper that fully satisfies these four areas:Define medicalization in sociological terms.Explain three major ways in which medicalization has been able to flourish in modern society.Describe one mental or physical illness that has become medicalized, apply sociological concepts to analyze how this illness has become medicalized.Finally, offer a commentary about whether or not you think the medicalization of this problem is warranted. In other words, do you think that medicalization, in the example youve chosen, is unnecessary? Why or why not?The paper should be typed, double-spaced, 1 margins, arial or times new roman 11 pt font, and saved as .doc, .rtf or .pdf.A major component of the sociological discussion of health and illness concerns an analysis of how problems that were previously not considered medical in nature are now a part of the province of medicine. This process, known as medicalization, describes how remedial efforts in the nonmedical realm to solve certain social problems are now given over to modern medicine as a topic of discussion and treatment. The purpose of this assignment is to define medicalization and offer an important commentary about the spread of this social trend in society today.InstructionsConstruct a 4-6 page paper that fully satisfies these four areas:The paper should be typed, double-spaced, 1 margins, arial or times new roman 11 pt font, and saved as .doc, .rtf or .pdf.

Describe one mental or physical illness that has become medicalized, apply sociological concepts to analyze how this illness has become medicalized

A major component of the sociological discussion of health and illness concerns an analysis of how problems that were previously not considered medical in nature are now a part of the province of medicine. This process, known as medicalization, describes how remedial efforts in the nonmedical realm to solve certain social problems are now given over to modern medicine as a topic of discussion and treatment. The purpose of this assignment is to define medicalization and offer an important commentary about the spread of this social trend in society today.InstructionsConstruct a 4-6 page paper that fully satisfies these four areas:Define medicalization in sociological terms.Explain three major ways in which medicalization has been able to flourish in modern society.Describe one mental or physical illness that has become medicalized, apply sociological concepts to analyze how this illness has become medicalized.Finally, offer a commentary about whether or not you think the medicalization of this problem is warranted. In other words, do you think that medicalization, in the example youve chosen, is unnecessary? Why or why not?The paper should be typed, double-spaced, 1 margins, arial or times new roman 11 pt font, and saved as .doc, .rtf or .pdf.A major component of the sociological discussion of health and illness concerns an analysis of how problems that were previously not considered medical in nature are now a part of the province of medicine. This process, known as medicalization, describes how remedial efforts in the nonmedical realm to solve certain social problems are now given over to modern medicine as a topic of discussion and treatment. The purpose of this assignment is to define medicalization and offer an important commentary about the spread of this social trend in society today.InstructionsConstruct a 4-6 page paper that fully satisfies these four areas:The paper should be typed, double-spaced, 1 margins, arial or times new roman 11 pt font, and saved as .doc, .rtf or .pdf.

How to evaluate learning

Mentoring Student Nurses as a guide into practice.
Order Description
Mentoring Student Nurses
Written at Maters level.
Harvard Referencing. And to incorporate journals and books and to remain in the UK as much as possible.
Mentoring strategies to prepare students for clinical practice.
Establishing work relationships.
How to plan out learning so the student would achieve their learning outcomes.
Assessment of accountability NMC
How to evaluate learning
Teaching skills.
Why use a SWOT analysis and argue why this is good or bad and compare.
Base this on the NMC (nursing and midwifery council) Standards To Support Learning and Assessment In Practice
Also use the Frances Report to refer to and use the Six Cs (Care Compassion Competence Communication Courage Commitment)
Use Learning styles and facilitation of learning.
Learning styles with student. In detail.
Analysis mentors teaching skills and techniques
Also analysis mentors barriers such as failing to fail Duffy 2003 and Failure to fail art and science Nursing Standard 2007 The Toxic Mentor who makes it difficult for the student to achieve their learning outcomes.
Use Scot I and Spouse J 2010 Practice Based Learning in Health and Social Care.
Use Principles of Practice assessment.
Facilitation of learning. For example use knowledge of the students stage of learning to select appropriate learning opportunities to meet individual needs and feedback.
Facilitation and selection of appropriate learning strategies to integrate learning from practice and academic experiences.
Assessment and accountability and how to provide feedback
Must use and compare to NMC Standards of Support learning and assessment in practice.
Mentors accountability in nursing practice and use NMC Code.
How a mentor should perform as teacher. (learning and assessing. )
Critically analysis in depth and map this out.
Barriers that can occur and why.
Some books that also must be used are as follows. Being an Effective Mentor Kathleen Feeney Jonson
2008 Nurse as Educator Susan B Bastable 2014 Mentoring Preceptor ship and Clinical Supervision. 2000 Mastering Mentorship Julie Baily- McHale and Donna Hart 2011 The Code: Standards of Conduct Performance and ethics for nurses and midwives . 2008.
Conclusion

Why use a SWOT analysis and argue why this is good or bad and compare.

Mentoring Student Nurses as a guide into practice.
Order Description
Mentoring Student Nurses
Written at Maters level.
Harvard Referencing. And to incorporate journals and books and to remain in the UK as much as possible.
Mentoring strategies to prepare students for clinical practice.
Establishing work relationships.
How to plan out learning so the student would achieve their learning outcomes.
Assessment of accountability NMC
How to evaluate learning
Teaching skills.
Why use a SWOT analysis and argue why this is good or bad and compare.
Base this on the NMC (nursing and midwifery council) Standards To Support Learning and Assessment In Practice
Also use the Frances Report to refer to and use the Six Cs (Care Compassion Competence Communication Courage Commitment)
Use Learning styles and facilitation of learning.
Learning styles with student. In detail.
Analysis mentors teaching skills and techniques
Also analysis mentors barriers such as failing to fail Duffy 2003 and Failure to fail art and science Nursing Standard 2007 The Toxic Mentor who makes it difficult for the student to achieve their learning outcomes.
Use Scot I and Spouse J 2010 Practice Based Learning in Health and Social Care.
Use Principles of Practice assessment.
Facilitation of learning. For example use knowledge of the students stage of learning to select appropriate learning opportunities to meet individual needs and feedback.
Facilitation and selection of appropriate learning strategies to integrate learning from practice and academic experiences.
Assessment and accountability and how to provide feedback
Must use and compare to NMC Standards of Support learning and assessment in practice.
Mentors accountability in nursing practice and use NMC Code.
How a mentor should perform as teacher. (learning and assessing. )
Critically analysis in depth and map this out.
Barriers that can occur and why.
Some books that also must be used are as follows. Being an Effective Mentor Kathleen Feeney Jonson
2008 Nurse as Educator Susan B Bastable 2014 Mentoring Preceptor ship and Clinical Supervision. 2000 Mastering Mentorship Julie Baily- McHale and Donna Hart 2011 The Code: Standards of Conduct Performance and ethics for nurses and midwives . 2008.
Conclusion

What ramifications does this issue have on the local population?

Healthcare issues
There are several ways to measure the health status of a community or an entire population. In order to understand the implications of legal and regulatory policies in health care promotion and wellness it is mandatory to analyze the impact of the social needs of local populations on their health care issues.
Based on your understanding of the topic create a report in a Microsoft Word document answering the following questions:
What are the benefits measuring the health status of individuals aged fifteen to sixty-four years in a particular community or an entire population? What effect do these benefits have on the health status of the community or the entire population?
Which one health statistic has had the most significant impact on the health care profession in the entire US or your community in the last year? Discuss.
Identify one major local social issue currently being addressed by the local elected officials (major governor or town council).
?What ramifications does this issue have on the local population?
?Does this issue have any legal impact on the community? Why or why not?
For a successful health status of a community school health is critical to our future. How can we incorporate a program within the school focusing on the safety and well-being of students along with the social needs and health care issues?
If you are asked to develop a school health policy for an elementary school who would be the stakeholders in this process?
What types of resources will you need to develop a program?
How will the focus of the program target health promotion or wellness?
What considerations should be taken into consideration when developing the program such as the physical and social environment?
What factors are taken into consideration when developing a program targeting elementary school age children versus adult?
What anticipated or perceived objections would you expect?
As we continue to move in the twenty first century what elementary school health or safety issues are emerging?

Discuss the social complexity (ies) of alcohol as a strong risk factor for disease transmission such as HIV/AIDS in the context of global health.

****500 Word Discussion*****According to a recent World Health Organization report excessive drinking causes more than four percent of deaths worldwide more than AIDS tuberculosis or violence. Due to increasing incomes in heavily populated countries in Africa and Asia including India and South Africa binge drinking has become a problem in many developed countries as more money is being spent on alcoholic beverages.Moreover policies which control alcohol are weak and remain a low priority for most governments despite drinking’s heavy toll on society causing road accidents violence disease child neglect and job absenteeism.WHOs Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health states that approximately 2.5 million people die each year from alcohol related causes. It further reports that the harmful use of alcohol is especially fatal for younger age groups and is the world’s leading risk factor for death among males aged 15-59. Worldwide statistics accounts for about 11 percent of drinkers who have weekly heavy episodic drinking occasions with men outnumbering women by four to one. Men consistently engage in hazardous drinking at much higher levels than women in all regions investigated.In the WHO’s first report on alcohol since 2004 alcohol has been a causal factor in 60 types of diseases and injuries. Increasing consumptions has been linked to cirrhosis of the liver epilepsy poisonings road traffic accidents violence and several types of cancer including cancers of the colorectum breast larynx and liver.Despite repeated health warnings from doctors and public health professionals the global health burden of alcohol consumption continues to rise and it shows there are no signs of it slowing. The economic and health implications posed by alcohol are often overlooked in favor of its social benefits and it is precisely this fact that makes alcohol such a dangerous commodity.Question: Discuss the social complexity (ies) of alcohol as a strong risk factor for disease transmission such as HIV/AIDS in the context of global health.

Compare the U.S. Health Care System with that of another country utilizing a specific focused health topic to aid in the comparison. Choose a country and topic; then

Compare the U.S. Health Care System with that of another country utilizing a specific focused health topic to aid in the comparison. Choose a country and topic; then
compare it to the U.S. The paper should describe the model or models used and compare financing delivery systems and outcomes. The paper should describe costs
access and quality and how values and ethics drive and/or impede if any the operation of their systems.
Format
Organize the research paper into the following sections:
1. Introduction Introduce the comparison countrys health care system and outline the particular descriptions of the comparisons you plan to make including the
specific health topic. (1-2 pages).
2. Current research or data (from literature) on the topic Should include a discussion of the findings presented in at least 3 articles selected from recent
(within last five years) peer-reviewed journals or scientific publications (you may in addition select news articles from periodicals) (2 pages).
3. Describe compare and contrast the US health care system with the country you have chosen. As you describe the most important aspects of each countrys
system be sure to give discrete examples facts and statistics impacts and/or outcomes to illustrate the similarities and the differences. Be sure to describe
challenges that each system experiences and detail efforts to address those challenges. Are there implications that can be drawn from this comparison that could lead
to improvements for one or the other or for both countries? (2 pages).
4. Include discussion throughout your paper any limitations of the research and comparisons presented in your paper.
5. References.
Follow APA format and include an abstract.
Limit the length of the paper to no more than six (6) pages. Use a 12-point font size.
Grading
Research paper activities and content will be graded as follows:
Paper Points
Introduction 15
Description comparison of countries using current research or data (from literature) on the topic 35
Discussion and Summary/Conclusion 25
Grammar spelling and other format considerations 25
Subtotal for Paper 100Combined Total for Paper Homework and Paper 150

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