In this week’s Discussion, you addressed macro interventions of global significance such as child soldiers, HIV/AIDS, and education in war-torn countries. In this Application, you review additional issues and macro-level interventions, identify a global issue that might benefit from the presence of a psychologist, and consider strategies that might be used to intervene in such situations. Psychologists intervene by implementing strategies called change strategies. The three change strategies detailed in your text are top-down, bottom-up, and middle-out. Top-down strategies are those that top-level leaders implement by directing action to those who report to them. Bottom-up strategies work from the grassroots. In bottom-up strategies, laypeople work together to create change. Middle-out strategies are implemented by mid-level leaders to influence top-level leaders as well as their public constituencies.
To prepare for this assignment:
Review Chapter 9 in your course text, Toward a Global Psychology: Theory, Research, Intervention, and Pedagogy. Pay particular attention to the section that addresses change strategies.
Identify a global issue currently in the news that might benefit from a macro-level intervention that includes a psychologist.
Think about one bottom-up change strategy a psychologist might use to intervene and address the issue, one middle-out strategy, and one top-down strategy.
For each strategy, consider which specific change strategy might be the most effective in addressing the issue you selected.
The assignment (1–2 pages):
Describe the issue you selected and the macro-level intervention that might address the issue. Select an issue and intervention that would benefit from the involvement of a psychologist.
Describe the bottom-up change strategy a psychologist might use and explain how he or she might use it.
Describe a middle-out change strategy a psychologist might use and explain how he or she might use it.
Describe a top-down change strategy a psychologist might use and explain how he or she might use it.
Explain which change strategy or combination of strategies you believe would be the most effective in addressing the issue and why.