Geography is the discipline which allows us to understand how each civilization conceives of the shape and the structure of the visible world and the place of people in it. In antiquity and especially in the ancient civilizations which did not have access to large bodies of water, these conceptions took very interesting shape, such as the Nabuchadnezzar’s boundary stone.
Forming a Hypothesis
- Study the images and the adjacent information on the link provided here (Links to an external site.).https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?assetId=135127001&objectId=369364&partId=1
- Read Lindberg’s discussion of communication in preliterate society and Mesopotamian myth (pp. 4–8 in the textbook).
- Read the excerpts from Mesopotamian mythology, discussed in class on Friday, September 6th, found in the Powerpoint presentation for that day.
- Given what you learn from these readings and any other supplemental reading you wish to do on this question, formulate a hypothesis of what the shape, structure, elements, and organization of the Mesopotamian view of the world; physical and social geography.
- Clearly articulate your hypothesis in the introduction of your essay and prove or disprove your hypothesis by referring to specific elements of the image, the translation of the text, and the technical discussion of it, found on the website with the image.
Your assignment should contain the following elements and will be graded based on how well your assignment represents them:
- Clear introduction.
- Clear thesis statement:
- Do you establish a thesis that is relevant to the given topic?
- Clear use of assigned reading materials (quotes, in-line references, paraphrases, etc.), followed by source attribution in parentheses.
- Critical Thinking:
- Do you explain the reason for every fact you mention?
- Do you provide a well-supported argument to defend your thesis?
- Clear organization of your supporting material in the main body of text:
- Do you organize the main points of your argument in separate paragraphs?
- Does each paragraph explain how it relates to the previous paragraph and to your thesis?
- What is the best way of organizing the main points of your argument in order of importance?
- Does your assignment reflect your own original thoughts and words?
- Do you avoid over-relying on quotes or paraphrases of others’ words? (You should not, under any circumstances, present others’ ideas or words as your own.)
- Does your assignment make observations which are obvious?
- Does your assignment have an “Aha” moment of discovery which you have made while working on it. A suitable place for such an idea is the conclusion.
- Grammar & Style
- Is your writing grammatically correct and fluent?
- Have you demonstrated an adequate review (i.e. proofreading) of your writing, as indicated by proper punctuation, proper spelling, etc.?
- Have you avoided repetitions such as expressing the same thought in a number of different ways?
- Word Count
- Have you written your assignment succinctly and concisely?
- Is your assignment between 600–700 words in length? Your assignment should naturally end within this range (i.e. do not leave an awkward ending to your essay just because you have reached the upper limit or because you just surpassed the minimum limit).
- Do you include a word count at the end of your essay?
- Do you list all sources you have used for your essay?
- A bibliography of the sources you used (such as assigned readings, articles, any other print or online sources used, images, maps, etc).
Note: In-text citations and bibliography should be formatted according to the Chicago Manual of Style. To see examples, follow the following links: Library Tools -> Citation Management -> Our Citation -> Research Guide -> Chicago.
text book is
• David C. Lindberg, The Beginnings of Western Science: the European Scientific Tradition in Philosophical, Religious, and Institutional Context, 600 b.c. to a.d. 1450, 2nd Edition, Chicago, 2007