In this module, you are required to indicate which leaders you will select for your final project (instructions below).
Please review the detailed instructions for the course paper described and due in Module 8 prior to selecting your research paper topic. Post your leaders/topic in this discussion area. Additionally, please give a brief summary (50 words or less) on the direction you would like to take with this project.
You must have the approval of your instructor before proceeding on your topic. Failure to receive approval could result in a 0 for the final project. If your instructor does not respond to your posting within three days of Module 2 closing, please send them an email.
Note: This submission is set up as a “discussion” so that you may post your leader/topic for your instructor and classmates to view. Posting your choice early in this module is highly recommended.
A reply to other students’ posts is not required but do continue to look for any responses to your post from your instructor.
Final Project Instructions
Select two historical leaders. One who was known for making a positive contribution in a leadership role, and the other who made a negative contribution in a leadership role (one good leader and one bad leader).
- Each leader must be, or have been a business or world leader (each leader) from 1960 to the present.
- Provide three separate reasons (with referenced examples) to justify the reason they were a good, or bad leader.
- Identify, compare, and contrast the two different leadership styles of each one. Be sure to add applicable leadership theories and concepts.
- The research paper must be 6-8 pages of written text (not including the cover page and reference page), roughly 1500-2000 words.
- You must include at least three outside references for each leader, for a total of six references (minimum) for the research paper. The text may be used as a reference but it will not count toward the six required sources.
Submit a one or two page outline of your research paper. Ensure you include detail for each section that shows what direction will be taken. Include a minimum of five references in proper APA format you will use for your final submission.
Sample beginning outline:
- Organizational crisis response will yield both effective and ineffective actions as some tasks will be managed well and others will fail (Pearson & Clair, 1998).
- It is important to compare and contrast leadership response to major crises to further the understanding of crisis leadership. Mayor Giuliani and Mayor Nagin both experienced significant organizational crises following major tragedies and their response to organizational crisis requires further exploration through a speech analysis of emergent themes.
- Background Information
- Mayor Giuliani
- Giuliani worked as an Associate Attorney General and eventually US Attorney for Southern District of New York. During his tenure as Attorney General, Giuliani focused on drug dealers and organized crime, where he had a record 4,152 convictions with only 25 reversals (Giuliani, 2006).
- As mayor from 1993-2001, Giuliani saw a 57 % decline in felony crimes and a 68% decline in the murder rate. These, according to Mott (2001) made New York City a safer place to live and increased tourism.
- September 11, 2001
- The attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, is the single greatest tragedy in United States history and is often cited as the reason for changing U.S. policy toward terrorism (Lincoln, 2005).
- New York City’s response to the plane crashes was immediate (within five seconds of the first crash), with “principle response from the Fire Department of New York, the New York Police Department, the Port Authority Police Department (PAPD) and the Mayor’s Office of Emergency Management (OEM)” (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 281).
- Mayor Nagin
- VP of Cox Communication before becoming mayor (Meister, 2003)
- Moderate success leading up to Hurricane Katrine (Meister, 2003)
- Hurricane Katrina
- Most powerful storm in US history (Vanden Brook & Copeland, 2005)
- Looting was a major problem (Barringer and Longman, 2005)
- Literature Review
- Definition of a crisis
- Crisis is hard to control (Boin & Hart, 2003)
- Event that causes extreme distress (Mitroff, 2005)
- Leaders in a time of crisis
- Characteristics include think critically, preparation, training, etc. (Mullins, 2003)
- The public has expectations of the leader (Boin & Hart, 2003)
- Definition of a crisis
- Mayor Giuliani
Boin A. & Hart, P. (2003). Public leadership in times of crisis: Mission impossible?
Public Administration Review, 63(5), p. 544.
Giuliani, R. (2006). Biography of Mayor Rudy Giuliani. Retrieved
Lincoln, B.G. (2005). Leadership in the aftermath of September, 11th. Dissertation
Abstracts International, 64(02), 570. (UMI No. 3184348).
Mullins, L. (2003). The impact of September 11, 2001 on health
care leadership and environment of care outcome scores of
U.S. hospitals as measured by the joint commission on
accreditation of health care organizations. Dissertation Abstracts, (UMI: 3089102).
Vanden Brook, T. & Copeland, L. (2005, August 29). Hurricane Katrina:
160-mph monster. USA Today.