Module 5 Discussion
Do you know the Difference?
Students new to research often find some of the terms and concepts confusing as some of the terms may be used interchangeably in different areas of research, such as data and statistics. However, when reviewing scholarly research, it is important to understand the differences between some key terms.
For this discussion, I want you to take on the role of the instructor and explain the difference between the following terms: data, statistics, descriptive statistic, inferential statistic, statistical methods, and describe/identify an example of each that you find in a single research article from the SPC article databases
Post a working link and/or URL to your article (do not forget citations and references). Check out this Permalinks Tutorial to help you find a “Permalink” or “Persistent link” for your article so that you can post a direct link to the article. I recommend that you keep the tutorial for future reference (note, these links are what you should use for retrieval information in your APA formatted Reference entry when there is not a doi present).
You may wish go back and visit one of the early topics in the book, Empirical Research, as well as this week’s required reading. Outside reading is also recommended. I want to “hear” that you have a good understanding of these terms and the differences between them as you prepare to complete the next part of your Article Analysis
Module 6 Discussion
Applying Research Findings
You have been analyzing research studies for the past 6 weeks. Using the research article that you chose to analyze in Analysis 1 and Analysis 2, please address each of the following questions in your POSTING:
- Effects of large financial incentives for long-term smoking cessation. A Randomized Trial, by Jean-François Etter and Felicia Schmid. This article is published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Volume 68, Number 8, 2016.doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2016.04.066
- What experiment was taking place in your study
- What did your research study mean to YOU?
- What do you think the “take home message” is?
- Will what you learned from this study alter YOUR practice behaviors?
- Has this study influenced your professional THOUGHT? How?
- Identify and RESPOND to one of your colleague’s postings
- In that post, tell us something you learned from your colleague’s posting.
- How might you APPLY this information to YOUR professional setting?
Module 7 Discussion
Protection of Human Subjects
As an overview for this forum, start by reading the content page titled : Unethical Research at Home, four specific atrocities are introduced briefly.
Please search the Internet to find an electronic report on ONE of these research atrocities/human experimentation examples listed below.
|Tuskegee||Terre Haute Prison Experiment|
|Willowbrook||Belleview Electro Shock Experiments|
|Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital Study||Eugenics laws for forced sterilizations|
|Human Radiation Experiment||The Milgram Experiment|
|Stanford Prison Experiment||Little Albert Study|
|The Monster Study||Emma Eckstein Study|
|Pellagra Incident||The Monkey Drug Trials|
|1940 Chicago Malaria Study||The Bobo Doll Experiment|
|Chemical Warfare Services studies completed by the U.S. Army (many – find a specific one)||
The Landis Facial Expressions Experiment
|CIA studies related to mind control and LSD (find a specific one as there are several, i.e., Project MK-ULTRA)||Harry Harlow – The Pit of Despair Experiment|
|U.S. Army germ/biological warfare studies (find a specific one, there are many!)||John Darley and Bibb Latane – The Bystander Effect|
|U.S. Army Mustard gas and lewisite experiments||Racism among Elementary School Students – Jane Elliott|
|U.S. Military Yellow Fever studies||UCLA Schizophrenia Experiments|
|Pennsylvania Prison studies related to Dioxin||Loftus Lost in the Mall Study|
|SV40 Virus contamination of the Polio Vaccine||Dr. William Beaumont – The Hole in the Stomach study|
|Guatemala Syphilis Experiment|
For this forum:
- Provide a working link and/or URL to your electronic report OR attach a copy of your report to the Discussion forum.
- Provide the title of the Experiment or Research
- Provide the date(s) of when it took place
- In a 250-300 word post please share with all of us: Give an overview of the content of your report – in your own words (Do not cut and paste – you will not receive points if you do).
- Describe your reaction to what you read.
- Name and describe ( using the section number or titles) 1 specific standard that is now in place through the IRB: Title 45 Protection of Human Subjects that may help protect subjects from the uneithical action that you discovered in your readings. Select one from the Guidebook OR the Health and Human Services link: Title 45 Protection of Human Subjects. For example, in the HHS link I might NAME: 46.116 General Regulations for Informed consent and then DESCRIBE, in my own words the specifics of this section.